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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of participants included in the biomarker analyses

From: Interleukin-10 and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor II are potential biomarkers of Plasmodium falciparum infections in pregnant women: a case-control study from Nanoro, Burkina Faso

  Total (n = 160) Cases (n = 79) Controls (n = 81) p value
Age in years, mean (SD) 25.4 (± 6.0) 25.2 (± 6.2) 25.7 (± 5.8) 0.560
Preeclampsia 0 0 0
Hemoglobin at delivery in g/dL mean (SD) 12.0 (1.5) 11.9 (1.6) 12.1 (1.4) 0.527
Gravidity
 Primigravidae % (n) 22.5 (36) 25.3 (20) 19.8 (16) 0.371
 Secundigravidae % (n) 17.5 (28) 16.5 (13) 18.5 (15) 0.784
 Multigravidae % (n) 60 (96) 58.2 (46) 61.7 (50) 0.595
Infected at first visit
 By microscopy % (n) 31.3 (50/160) 30.4 (24/79) 32.1 (26/81) 0.798
 By real-time PCR % (n) 47.8 (76/159) 48.7 (38/78) 46.9 (38/81) 0.799
Infected at delivery
 By microscopy, % (n) 22.5 (36/160) 43.0 (34/79) 2.5 (2/81) <0.001
 By placental biopsy, % (n) 8.2 (11/134) 11.9 (8/67) 4.5 (3/67) 0.165
 Birthweight in kg, mean (SD) 3.01 (0.57) 2.94 (0.62) 3.07 (0.52) 0.130
 Low birth weight < 2500 g, % (n) 9.5 (15/158) 7.7 (6/78) 11.3 (9/80) 0.410
 IPTp-SP doses, median (IQR) 3 (2–4) 3 (2–4) 3 (2–3) 0.627