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Table 3 Selection results by different variable selection methods

From: Application of penalized linear regression methods to the selection of environmental enteropathy biomarkers

Biomarkers Variable selection methods
  Stepwise Elastic Net LASSO MCP SCAD Adaptive LASSO
HAZ at birth       - (0.54)
WAZ at wk18   + (1.00)     
HAZ at wk18 + (0.98) + (1.00) + (1.00) + (1.00) + (1.00) + (1.00)
WHZ at wk18 + (0.70)   + (1.00) + (1.00) + (1.00) + (0.74)
Exclusive breast feeding until wk18   - (0.80) - (0.73) - (0.67) - (0.77)  
RBP at wk18   + (0.72) + (0.72) + (0.59) + (0.69)  
Vitamin D at wk18   - (0.32)     
Mannitol at wk12   - (0.73) - (0.72) - (0.60) - (0.71) - (0.96)
Mannitol at wk24       - (0.85)
ALA at wk12       + (0.62)
MPO wk12 - (0.59) - (0.87) - (0.87) - (0.80) - (0.87)  
Expenditure   + (0.87) + (0.87) + (0.60) + (0.75)  
Mother weight + (0.89) + (1.00) + (1.00) + (0.97) + (0.99) + (0.90)
Mother height   + (0.52) + (0.52)    
Reg1B at wk12   - (0.58) - (0.53)    
Soluble CD14 at wk18   - (0.66) - (0.67)   - (0.62)  
  1. Here, “+” and “-” means positive and negative sign of coefficient estimates. Percentage of variables being selected via 100 bootstrapping samples is listed in parenthesis